*4.10.2015 the european symposia on medieval logic and semantics; symposium européen d'historie de la logique et de la sémantique médiévales *isbn *esmls http://www.preben.nl/
*future contingents /2016 esmls 21, pisa 2016
*future contingents /2018 esmls 22, durham 2018
*not yet published formal approaches and natural language not yet published esmls 19, genève 2012
*not yet published relations in medieval philosophy not yet published esmls 20, cambridge 2014
aertsen 1993 aertsen, jan. der satz vom widerspruch in der mittelalterlichen philosophie. baron von münchhausen, thomas von aquin und nikolaus von kues argumentationstheorie, 707-727 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
aertsen, jan adrianus /1936
amerini 2003 amerini, fabrizio. catégories et langage mental. une critique de françois de prato à guillaume d'occam la tradition médiévale des catégories, 173-186 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
amerini 2004 amerini, fabrizio. le statut de la proposition chez hervé de nédellec medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 333-354 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
amerini 2011 amerini, fabrizio. pragmatics and semantics in thomas aquinas vivarium 2011 (49), 095-126 esmls 18, bologna 2010 Thomas Aquinas's account of the semantics of names is based on two fundamental distinctions: the distinction between a name's mode of signifying and the signified object, and that between the cause and the goal of a name's signification, i.e. that from which a name was instituted to signify and that which a name actually signifies. Thomas endows names with a two-layer signification: names are introduced into language to designate primarily conceptions of extramental things and secondarily the particular extramental things referred to by such conceptions. On such a 'conceptualistic' account of names' signification, Thomas recognizes that a generic acquaintance with external things is a sufficient condition for imposing names to signify things. Following this intuition, Thomas at times dwells on the role that pragmatic factors such as the common usage of names by a linguistic community (usus loquendi) and the speakers' intention (intentio loquentium) play in explaining both the formation and semantic function of conventional language. This paper will focus on what Thomas had to say about such factors.
amerini 2013 amerini, fabrizio. thomas aquinas and some italian dominicans (francis of prato, georgius rovegnatinus and girolamo savonarola) on signification and supposition medieval supposition theory revisited, 327-351 esmls 17, leiden 2008
amerini, fabrizio / http://en.unipr.it/ugov/person/20981
andrews 1993 andrews, robert. resoluble, exponible, and officiable terms in the sophistria of petrus olai, MS uppsala C 599 sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 003-30 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 As the only surviving collection of sophismata in Sweden, the Sophistria of Petrus Olai is of significance for the cultural and intellectual history of northern Europe in the late Middle Ages. For the theme of the Ninth European Symposium, its chief interest lies in the interconnection between its sophisms and its interspersed questions drawn from various logical genres. Petrus Olai reveals his interests in the sophismata by his choice of questions. Similarly, a historian of medieval philosophy often chooses a subject because of its interest for current philosophy, as I have done by selecting the sophism ‘Omnis phoenix est’, and the question following it on resoluble, exponible, and officiable terms, with the intent of indicating parallels to contemporary analysis of language.
andrews 2003 andrews, robert. the modistae and john duns scotus's questiones super perihermeneias aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 067-83 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
andrews, robert /
angelelli 1993 angelelli, ignacio. augustinus triumphus' alleged destructio of the porphyrian tree argumentationstheorie, 483-489 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
angelelli, ignacio /1933 http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/philosophy/faculty/iaa4774
ashworth 1985 ashworth, jennifer. english obligationes texts after roger swyneshead: the tracts beginning 'obligatio est quaedam ars' the rise of british logic, 309-333 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
ashworth 1993 ashworth, jennifer. ralph strode on inconsistency in obligational discussion argumentationstheorie, 363-386 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
ashworth 1997 ashworth, jennifer. analogy and equivocation in thomas sutton OP semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 289-303 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
ashworth 2000 ashworth, jennifer. domingo de soto on 'obligationes': his use of 'dubie positio' medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 291-307 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
ashworth 2003 ashworth, jennifer. l'équivocité, l'univocité et les noms propres la tradition médiévale des catégories, 127-140 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
ashworth 2004 ashworth, jennifer. singular terms and predication in some late fifteenth and sixteenth century thomistic logicians medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 517-536 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
ashworth 2007 ashworth, jennifer. metaphor and the logicians from aristotle to cajetan vivarium 2007 (45), 311-327 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 I examine the treatment of metaphor by medieval logicians and how it stemmed from their reception of classical texts in logic, grammar, and rhetoric. I consider the relation of the word 'metaphor' to the notions of translatio and transumptio, and show that it is not always synonymous with these. I also show that in the context of commentaries on the Sophistical Refutations metaphor was subsumed under equivocation. In turn, it was linked with the notion of analogy not so much in the Greek sense of a similarity between two proportions or relations as in the new medieval sense of being said secundum prius et posterius. Whether or not analogy could be reduced to metaphor, or the reverse, depended on the controversial issue of the number of acts of imposition needed to produce an equivocal term. A spectrum of views is canvassed, including those found in the logic commentaries of John Duns Scotus.
ashworth 2013 ashworth, jennifer. descent and ascent from ockham to domingo de soto: an answer to paul spade medieval supposition theory revisited, 385-410 esmls 17, leiden 2008
ashworth, earline jennifer /1939 publications: http://www.ontology.co/biblio/ashworth.htm
aurélien 2004 aurélien, robert. les propositions singulières chez guillaume d'ockham medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 377-400 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
aurélien, robert /
bäck 1993 bäck, allan. the ordinary language approach in traditional logic argumentationstheorie, 507-530 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
bäck 1993 bäck, allan. who is the worthiest of them all? sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 277-287 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 Here I consider the sophism 'Man is the worthiest of creatures'. The main use of this sophism was to test classifications for different types of supposition. For William of Sherwood, 'man' in that proposition has simple supposition. Yet the difficulty was that in typical examples of simple supposition, like 'Man is a species', the subject term was said to refer to the species, the universal man, and not to the individuals. However, in 'Man is the worthiest of creatures', the subject term seems not to refer to the species. And yet it does not refer in the usual way, of personal supposition, to individuals in a usual definite (e.g. 'this man') or indefinite (e.g. 'some man') fashion: since there are many human beings, and the proposition appears to concern each of them equally, each then would be the worthiest of creatures, which is absurd.
bäck 1997 bäck, allan. reduplicative propositions in the theology of john duns scotus semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 203-221 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
bäck 2000 bäck, allan. the structure of scotus' formal distinction medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 411-438 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
bäck 2003 bäck, allan. aquinas on predication aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 321-338 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
bäck 2003 bäck, allan. avicenna on relations la tradition médiévale des catégories, 069-84 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
bäck 2004 bäck, allan. avicenna on the categorical assertion medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 141-162 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
bäck 2011 bäck, allan. avicenna's hermeneutics vivarium 2011 (49), 009-25 esmls 18, bologna 2010 Like Plato, Aristotle uses dialectic to interpret and analyze ordinary discourse as well as to ascend to the first principles of philosophy and science. At the same time he says that it is intellect (noûs) that apprehends the first principle. With al-Fārābī and Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā), dialectic becomes relegated to dealing with ordinary language. For them demonstration in an ideal language from principles apprehended by the intellect suffices for the philosopher.
bäck 2013 bäck, allan. avicenna's theory of supposition medieval supposition theory revisited, 079-115 esmls 17, leiden 2008
bäck, allan /
bakker 1997 bakker, paul. hoc est corpus meum: l'analyse de la formule de consécration chez des théologiens du 14e et 15e siècles semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 427-451 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
bakker, paul /1966 http://www.hum.leiden.edu/philosophy/staff/bakkerpjjm.html
beets 1993 beets, françois. 'definite' and 'necessary truth' in early scholastic logic and argumentation argumentationstheorie, 687-694 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
beets 2003 beets, françois. theories of prediction from boethius to thomas aquinas aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 305-319 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
beets, françois /
bertagna 1993 bertagna, mario. richard ferrybridge's logica: a handbook for solving sophismata sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 031-44 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 The reason why an analysis of Richard Ferrybridge's Logica 1 is interesting with regard to sophismata is that it contains a general theory of truth, on which every attempt to 'solve' sophisms (i.e. to determine their truth value) should be founded. Moreover, a connection between his work and sophisms is established by the author himself: for, quoting a truth definition for propositions later on disproved, he explicitly describes its aim as 'to prove sophisms and every other proposition'. Moreover, as we shall see, the term sophisma occurs, along with or as a substitute for the term propositio, in some truth definitions considered by Ferrybridge.
bertagna, mario /
biard 1985 biard, joël. la signification d'objets imaginaires dans quelques textes anglais du XIVe siècle (guillaume heytesbury, henry hopton) the rise of british logic, 265-283 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
biard 1987 biard, joël. sémantique et ontologie dans l'ars meliduna gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 121-144 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
biard 1993 biard, joël. albert de saxe et les sophismes de l'infini sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 288-303 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 Albert de Saxe traite l'infini comme un problème de philosophie naturelle dans ses Questions sur la Physique et dans ses Questions sur le Traité du ciel, mais il l'examine aussi, dans ses Sophismes, comme un terme facteur d'ambiguïté au sein d'une proposition. Ainsi, alors que Jean Buridan n'accordait aucune place particulière au terme 'infini' dans son propre recueil, Albert y consacre douze sophismes. De ce fait, il examine principalement l'infini en liaison avec une réflexion sur les syncatégorèmes, puisque tel est explicitement le champ que, d'une manière fort traditionnelle, il assigne aux Sophismata.
biard 1997 biard, joël. la science divine entre signification et vision chez grégoire de rimini semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 393-408 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 20, cambridge 2014
biard 2000 biard, joël. les trois 'voies' selon les textes logiques de jean de celaya medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 276-290 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
biard 2003 biard, joël. le statut des énoncés dans les commentaires du peri hermeneias de gautier burley aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 103-118 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
biard 2003 biard, joël. le traité sur les catégories de blaise de parme la tradition médiévale des catégories, 365-378 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
biard 2004 biard, joël. signification et assertion chez blaise de parme medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 429-443 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
biard, joël /1952 http://ockham.free.fr/
bonfiglioli & marmo 2007 bonfiglioli, stefania; marmo, costantino. symbolism and linguistic semantics. some questions (and confusions) from late antique neoplatonism up to eriugena vivarium 2007 (45), 238-252 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 The notion of 'symbol' in Eriugena's writing is far from clear. It has an ambiguous semantic connection with other terms such as 'signification', 'figure', 'allegory', 'veil', 'agalma', 'form', 'shadow', 'mystery' and so on. This paper aims to explore into the origins of such a semantic ambiguity, already present in the texts of the pseudo-Dionysian corpus which Eriugena translated and commented upon. In the probable Neoplatonic sources of this corpus, the Greek term symbolon shares some aspects of its meaning with other words inherited from the ancient tradition, such as synthēma , eikōn , homoiotēs. Some of them, such as eikōn and homoiotēs, belong to the field of images and are associated with linguistic semantics in the Neoplatonic commentaries not only to Plato but also to Aristotle's logical works. Among the late ancient Neoplatonists, particular attention is paid to Proclus and to his use of the term agalma. In fact, the textual history of this word seems to be a privileged perspective from which to reconstruct the Neoplatonic semantic blending of symbol and image, as well as the main role played by linguistic issues in this conflation.
bonfiglioli, stefania / http://people.unibo.it/it/stefania.bonfiglioli
bos 1976 bos, bert. john buridan and marsilius of inghen on consequences the logic of john buridan, 061-69 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/10558
bos 1982 bos, bert. peter of mantua's tract on appellatio and his interpretation of immanent forms english logic in italy, 231-252 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/10313
bos 1985 bos, bert. peter of mantua and his rejection of ampliatio and restrictio the rise of british logic, 381 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/10562
bos 1987 bos, bert. la théorie de la signification de la 'vox significativa ad placitum' dans les introductiones montanae maiores gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 073-90 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/10362
bos 1993 bos, bert. a contribution to the history of theories of induction in the middle ages argumentationstheorie, 553-576 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/10244
bos 1997 bos, bert. deus est: a scotistic discussion of deus est as a self-evident proposition semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 409-425 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/10269
bos 2000 bos, bert. nature and number of the categories and the division of being according to domingo de soto medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 327-353 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/10837
bos 2003 bos, bert. petrus thomae on unity that is less than numerical la tradition médiévale des catégories, 207-224 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/10826
bos 2007 bos, bert. richard billingham's speculum puerorum, some medieval commentaries and aristotle vivarium 2007 (45), 360-373 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 In the history of medieval semantics, supposition theory is important especially in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. In this theory the emphasis is on the term, whose properties one tries to determine. In the fourteenth century the focus is on the proposition, of which a term having supposition is a part. The idea is to analyse propositions in order to determine their truth (probare). The Speculum puerorum written by Richard Billingham was the standard textbook for this approach. It was very influential in Europe. The theory of the probatio propositionis was meant to solve problems both in (empirically oriented) scientific propositions such as used by the Oxford Calculators, and theological propositions, especially those about the Trinity. The book is original, concise, but not clear in every respect. Studying medieval commentaries may help us to understand Richard's book. In the present paper three commentaries are presented. The commentators discussed problems about the status of Richard's book, and about its doctrine: what is the relation between probatio and truth, what is the relation between probatio and supposition, what exactly are mediate and immediate terms (e.g.is the pronoun 'this' mediate or immediate?). The commentators sometimes criticize Richard. For example, one of them argues, against Billingham, that the verb 'can' ampliates its subject term and is therefore mediate.
bos, egbert peter /1947 http://www.hum.leiden.edu/philosophy/language/bos.html https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/
bottin 1985 bottin, francesco. the mertonians metalinguistic sciences and the insolubilia the rise of british logic, 235 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
bottin 1987 bottin, francesco. quelques discussions sur la transitivité de la prédication dans l'école d'albéric du mont gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 057-72 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
bottin, francesco / https://unipd.academia.edu/FrancescoBottin
braakhuis 1981 braakhuis, henk. english tracts on syncategorematic terms from robert bacon to walter burley english logic and semantics, 131-165 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
braakhuis 1982 braakhuis, henk. paul of pergula's commentary on the sophismata of william heytesbury english logic in italy, 343-357 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
braakhuis 1987 braakhuis, henk. signification, appellation and predication in the ars meliduna gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 107-120 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
braakhuis 1993 braakhuis, henk. albert of saxony's de obligationibus. its place in the development of fourteenth century obligational theory argumentationstheorie, 323-341 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
braakhuis, henk /1939
brands 1993 brands, hartmut. topik und syllogistik bei william of sherwood argumentationstheorie, 041-58 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
brands, hartmut /
broadie 1993 broadie, alexander. assent in inference theory argumentationstheorie, 637-652 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
broadie, alexander /
brousseau 1987 brousseau, christine. les quaestiones de johannes de wolve et les sophismata artis grammaticae du MS paris, BN. lat. 15037 gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 091-105 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
brousseau 1993 brousseau, christine. grammatical sophisms in collections of logical sophisms: 'amatus sum' in bn. lat. 16135 sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 219-230 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 The known collections of sophismata are generally homogenous: either grammatical like Robert Kilwardby's, Roger Bacon's, MS Vatican lat. 7678, or logical; however, some collections are mixed, such as Siger of Courtrai's in Vatican, lat. 2520, and those contained in the following manuscripts: Worcester Cath. Q 13, Paris BN 3572, 16135 and 16618.
brousseau-beuermann, christine /
brumberg 2013 brumberg, julie. the role of discrete terms in the theory of the properties of terms medieval supposition theory revisited, 169-204 esmls 17, leiden 2008
brumberg-chaumont, julie /
buzzetti 2000 buzzetti, dino. blasius pelacani, the paradoxes of implication and the notion of logical consequences medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 099-135 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
buzzetti, dino /
cates 2000 cates, lynn dell. lull's modal voluntarism medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 405-409 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
cates, lynn dell /
cesalli 2004 cesalli, laurent. 'ubi est propositio?' richard brinkley sur les lieux de la proposition (summa logicae V. 1-5) medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 445-472 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
cesalli 2007 cesalli, laurent. intentionality and truth-making: augustine's influence on burley and wyclif's propositional semantics vivarium 2007 (45), 283-297 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 Walter Burley (1275-c.1344) and John Wyclif (1328-1384) follow two clearly stated doctrinal options: on the one hand, they are realists and, on the other, they defend a correspondence theory of truth that involves specific correlates for true propositions, in short: truth-makers. Both characteristics are interdependent: such a conception of truth requires a certain kind of ontology. This study shows that a) in their explanation of what it means for a proposition to be true, Burley and Wyclif both develop what we could call a theory of intentionality in order to explain the relation that must obtain between the human mind and the truth-makers, and b) that their explanations reach back to Augustine, more precisely to his theory of ocular vision as exposed in the De trinitate IX as well as to his conception of ideas found in the Quaestio de ideis.
cesalli 2011 cesalli, laurent. wyclif on the felicity (conditions) of marriage vivarium 2011 (49), 258-274 esmls 18, bologna 2010 Regarding marriage, John Wyclif defends the following position: strictly speaking, no words or any kind of sensory signs would be needed, since the consensus of the spouses together with God's approbation would suffice for the accomplishment of marriage. But if words do have to be pronounced, then the appropriate formula should not be in the present, but in the future. In the following, I shall discuss Wyclif's arguments by comparing them with some other medieval positions, as well as with some elements of contemporary theories of speech acts. It will appear that in his analysis of the only sacrament which is a "social act" in the literal sense of the expression, Wyclif (1) clearly acknowledges the central role of individual intentions behind (linguistic) conventions, and (2) carefully distinguishes between the different, chronologically disparate acts involved in marriage and their respective (semantic, psychological and factual) felicity conditions.
cesalli 2013 cesalli, laurent. richard brinkley on supposition medieval supposition theory revisited, 275-303 esmls 17, leiden 2008
cesalli, laurent /
colish 1987 colish, marcia. gilbert, the early porretans, and peter lombard: semantics and theology gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 229-250 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
colish, marcia /
conti 1982 conti, alessandro. alcune note sulla expostio super universalia porphyrii et artem veterem aristotelis di paolo veneto: analogie e differenze con i corrispondenti commenti di walter burley english logic in italy, 293-303 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
conti 1985 conti, alessandro. thomas sutton's commentary on the categories according to MS oxford merton college 289 the rise of british logic, 173-213 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
conti 1993 conti, alessandro. il sofisma de paolo veneto: 'sortes in quantum homo est animal' sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 304-318 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 Il sofisma di cui qui ci occuperemo (il 41° dei 50 raccolti nei Sophismata di Paolo Veneto) risulta parzialmente anomalo, in quanto non consiste, propriamente, in una argomentazione fallace, ma in una proposizione reduplicativa, 'Sortes in quantum homo est animal', di cui sembra possibile dimostrare tanto la verità che la falsità - e in ciò consisterebbe, per l'appunto, il suo carattere sofismatico. Infatti, una volta che la proposizione in oggetto si risolva nelle sue esponenti, queste si strutturano secondo le scansioni tipiche di un sillogismo ipotetico la cui conclusione, cioé 'Sortes in quantum homo est animal', è garantita nella sua verità dalla verità delie premesse: 'Sortes est homo', 'Sortes est animal' e 'si aliquid est homo illud est animal'. Dall'altra parte, assumendo la proposizione reduplicativa in questione come premessa in quattro diverse argomentazioni, sembra si possa pervenire a conclusioni palesemente inaccettabili, pur nell'apparente rispetto delie regole formali del ragionamento.
conti 2004 conti, alessandro. complexe significabile and the truth in gregory of rimini and paul of venice medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 473-494 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
conti 2013 conti, alessandro. semantic and ontological aspects of wyclif's theory of supposition medieval supposition theory revisited, 304-326 esmls 17, leiden 2008
conti, alessandro domenico /1955
coombs 1993 coombs, jeffrey. the soul of the antichrist necessarily will be a being: a modal sophism in 16th century logic texts sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 319-332 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 In logic texts of the early 16th century, logicians wondered whether the proposition 'The soul of the Antichrist necessarily will be a being' (anima antichristi necessario erit ens) is true or false. Their discussions primarily revolve around the issue of scope, that is, whether the modal term 'necessarily' is within the scope of the temporal term 'will be', although along the way other interesting topics arise, such as multiple conceptions of necessity, the temporal connotations of the modal terms, and the truth conditions for divided modal propositions. We will focus on the works of two logicians, both of whom taught at the University of Paris within the first two decades of the 16th century: the Spaniard Jeronimo Pardo, and the Scot Robert Caubraith.
coombs, jeffrey /
courtenay 1982 courtenay, william. the early stages in the introduction of oxford logic into italy english logic in italy, 013-31 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
courtenay 1993 courtenay, william. nominales and rules of inference argumentationstheorie, 153-160 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
courtenay 2003 courtenay, william. the categories, michael of massa and natural philosophy at paris 1335-1340 la tradition médiévale des catégories, 261-270 <?> 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
courtenay, william j. / publications: https://history.wisc.edu/emeriti_wc.htm
cuadrado 2000 cuadrado, josé. tradition and innovation in the logical treatises of st. vincent ferrer (1350-1419) medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 159-181 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
cuadrado, josé angel garcía /
del punta 1982 del punta, francesco. le logica di r. feribrigge nella tradizione manoscritta italiana english logic in italy, 053-85 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
del punta, francesco /1941-2013 publications: http://www.newappsblog.com/2013/12/in-memoriam-francesco-del-punta.html
dijs 2003 dijs, judith. radulphus brito's use of intendo in quaestio 9 of his in peri hermeneias aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 235-256 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
dijs, judith
d'ors 1993 d'ors, ángel. ex impossibili quodlibet sequitur (john buridan) argumentationstheorie, 195-212 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
d'ors 1993 d'ors, ángel. hominis asinus /asinus hominis sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 382-397 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 As is well known, medieval logicians gave a lot of attention to the analysis of different sophisms in which there are propositions that include complex terms one of whose parts is a term in an oblique case. The propositions 'cuiuslibet hominis asinus currit', 'ab omni homine enuntiatum est verum /ab utroque istorum enuntiatum est verum', 'omnem hominem videns currit', 'omnis homo videt omnem hominem', 'utrumque oculum non habens potes videre', 'omne caput habens est unum solum caput habens', which receive attention in all kinds of treatises (Instantiae, Abstractiones, Distinctiones, Sophismata, Syncategoremata, Summulae, in the commentaries to the Analytica Priora and to the Sophistici Elenchi, etc.), seem to be the most famous representatives of (...)
d'ors 1997 d'ors, ángel. insolubilia in some medieval theological texts semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 133-150 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
d'ors 2000 d'ors, ángel. 'dubium proponitur': andrš limos and the treatise on obligations medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 225-249 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
d'ors 2004 d'ors, ángel. 'propositiones de modo loquendi inconsueto: de mixta suppositione' medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 537-570 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
d'ors 2013 d'ors, ángel. logic in salamanca in the fifteenth century. the tractatus suppositionum terminorum by master franquera medieval supposition theory revisited, 425-463 esmls 17, leiden 2008
d'ors, ángel /†2012
dutilh novaes 2007 dutilh novaes, catarina. theory of supposition vs. theory of fallacies in ockham vivarium 2007 (45), 343-359 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 I propose to examine the issue of whether the ancient tradition in logic continued to be developed in the later medieval period from the vantage point of the relations between two specific groups of theories, namely the medieval theories of supposition and the (originally) ancient theories of fallacies. More specifically, I examine whether supposition theories absorbed and replaced theories of fallacies, or whether the latter continued to exist, with respect to one particular author, William of Ockham. I compare different parts of Ockham's Summa Logicae, namely III-4 (on fallacies), and the final chapters of part I and first chapters of part II (on supposition). I conclude that there is overlap of conceptual apparatus and of goals (concerning propositions that must be distinguished) in Ockham's theories of supposition and of fallacies, but that the respective conceptual apparatuses also present substantial dissimilarities. Hence, theories of supposition are better seen as an addition to the general logical framework that medieval authors had inherited from ancient times, rather than the replacement of an ancient tradition by a medieval one. Indeed, supposition theories and fallacy theories had different tasks to fulfil, and in this sense both had their place in fourteenth century logic.
dutilh novaes 2011 dutilh novaes, catarina. medieval obligationes as a theory of discursive commitment management vivarium 2011 (49), 240-257 esmls 18, bologna 2010 In earlier work, I have presented an interpretation of Obligationes as logical games of consistency maintenance; this interpretation has some advantages, in particular that of capturing the multi-agent, goal-oriented, rule-governed nature of the enterprise by means of the game analogy. But it has as its main limitation the fact that it does not provide a satisfactory account of the deontic aspect of the framework - i.e. of what being obliged to a certain statement consists in. In order to remedy this shortcoming, this paper argues for the more encompassing thesis that Obligationes can be viewed as a theory of rational dialogical practices, in particular concerning the management of one’s discursive commitments. The main inspiration for this interpretation comes from R. Brandom's inferentialist, normative pragmatism, but more generally, it relies heavily on a dialogical conception of logic. I argue that it offers a more compelling account of several aspects of the obligational framework, in particular the role of doubting responses and the ubiquity of obligational vocabulary in the context of scientific discourse in the medieval tradition.
dutilh novaes 2013 dutilh novaes, catarina. the role of 'denotatur' in ockham's theory of supposition medieval supposition theory revisited, 352-370 esmls 17, leiden 2008
dutilh novaes, catarina / http://rug.academia.edu/CatarinaDutilhNovaes
ebbesen & pinborg 1982 ebbesen, sten; pinborg, jan. thott 581, quarto, or de ente rationis, de definitione accidentis, de probatione terminorum english logic in italy, 111-146 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
ebbesen 1976 ebbesen, sten. the summulae, tractatus VII: de fallaciis the logic of john buridan, 139-160 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
ebbesen 1981 ebbesen, sten. suprasegmental phonemes in ancient and mediaeval logic english logic and semantics, 331-359 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
ebbesen 1985 ebbesen, sten. oxynat: a theory about the origins of british logic the rise of british logic, 001-17 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
ebbesen 1987 ebbesen, sten. the semantics of the trinity according to stephen langton and andrew sunesen gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 401-435 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
ebbesen 1993 ebbesen, sten. boethius de dacia et aliae: the sophismata in MSS bruges sb 509 and florence med. laur. s. croce 12 sin. 3 sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 045-63 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 The manuscripts B (Brugge, Stedelijke Openbare Bibliotheek, 509), and F (Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, S. Croce 12 sin., 3) were executed about the same time (in the early fourteenth century, it would seem), but probably in widely different places, B perhaps in Belgium or Britain, F in Italy (judging by styles of writing). The two manuscripts contain partly identical collections of sophismata from the late thirteenth century. The collections were first described by Grabmann in 1940 (F only) then in 1962 by Roos, who discovered B, and most recently by Pinborg and myself in 1970. A corrected and more detailed catalogue of the sophismata is found in an appendix to the present paper. An edition is being prepared for Corpus Philosophorum Danicorum Medii Aevi IX.
ebbesen 1993 ebbesen, sten. the theory of loci in antiquity and the middle ages argumentationstheorie, 015-39 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
ebbesen 1997 ebbesen, sten. doing theology with sophismata semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 151-169 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
ebbesen 2000 ebbesen, sten. robertus anglicus on peter of spain medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 061-95 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
ebbesen 2003 ebbesen, sten. anonymus d'orvillensis on the 'categories' la tradition médiévale des catégories, 347-363 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
ebbesen 2003 ebbesen, sten. questions and sophismata. tracking peter of auvergne aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 031-49 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
ebbesen 2004 ebbesen, sten. porretaneans on propositions medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 129-139 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
ebbesen 2007 ebbesen, sten. the traditions of ancient logic-cum-grammar in the middle ages: what's the problem? vivarium 2007 (45), 136-152 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 Clashes between bits of non-homogeneous theories inherited from antiquity were an important factor in the formation of medieval theories in logic and grammar, but the traditional categories of Aristotelianism, Stoicism and Neoplatonism are not quite adequate to describe the situation. Neoplatonism is almost irrelevant in logic and grammar, while there might be reasons to introduce a new category, Late Ancient Standard, with two branches: (1) logical = Aristotle + Boethius, and (2) grammatical = Stoics ect → Apollonius → Priscian.
ebbesen 2011 ebbesen, sten. context-sensitive argumentation: dirty tricks in the sophistical refutations and a perceptive medieval interpretation of the text vivarium 2011 (49), 075-94 esmls 18, bologna 2010 Aristotle in the central chapters of his Sophistical Refutations gives advice on how to counter unfair argumentation by similar means, all the while taking account not only of the adversary's arguments in themselves, but also of his philosophical commitments and state of mind, as well as the impression produced on the audience. This has offended commentators, and made most of them, medieval and modern alike, pass lightly over the relevant passages. A commentary that received the last touch in the very early 13th century is more perceptive because, it is argued, the commentator had lived in a 12th-century environment of competing Parisian schools that was in important respects similar to the one of Aristotle's Athens.
ebbesen 2013 ebbesen, sten. early supposition theory II medieval supposition theory revisited, 060-78 esmls 17, leiden 2008
ebbesen, sten /1946 publications:
erismann 2007 erismann, christophe. the logic of being: eriugena's dialectical ontology vivarium 2007 (45), 203-218 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 In his major work, the Periphyseon, the ninth century Latin philosopher John Scottus Eriugena gives, with the help of what he calls "dialectic", a rational analysis of reality. According to him, dialectic is a science which pertains both to language and reality. Eriugena grounds this position in a realist ontological exegesis of the Aristotelian categories, which are conceived as categories of being. His interpretation tends to transform logical patterns, such as Porphyry's Tree or the doctrine of the categories, into a structure which is both ontological and logical, and to use them as tools for the analysis of the sensible world. The combination of dialectic interpreted as a science of being, capable of expressing truths about the sensible world as well as about discourse, with an ontological interpretation of logical concepts allows Eriugena to develop his metaphysical theory, a strong realism. Eriugena not only supports a theological realism (of divine ideas), but also, and principally, an ontological realism, the assertion of the immanent existence of forms. Eriugena claims that genera and species really subsist in the individuals: they are completely and simultaneously present in each of the entities which belong to them.
erismann, christophe /
fredborg 1976 fredborg, margareta. buridan's quaestiones super rhetoricam aristotelis the logic of john buridan, 047-59 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
fredborg 1981 fredborg, margareta. roger bacon on 'impositio vocis ad significandum' english logic and semantics, 167-191 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
fredborg, karin margareta /
friedman 1997 friedman, russel. conceiving and modifying reality: some modist roots of peter auriol's theory of concept formation semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 305-321 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
friedman, russel /
galonnier 1987 galonnier, alain. le de grammatico et l'origine de la théorie des propriétés des termes gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 353-375 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
galonnier, alain /
gambra 1993 gambra, josé. medieval solutions to the sophism of accident argumentationstheorie, 431-450 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
gambra 2000 gambra, josé. the fallacy of the accident in peter of spain's tractatus and in other thirteenth-century works medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 021-60 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
gambra, josé miguel /
gaskin 2003 gaskin, richard. complexe significabilia and aristotle's categories la tradition médiévale des catégories, 187-205 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
gaskin 2004 gaskin, richard. complexe significabilia and the formal distinction medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 495-516 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
gaskin, richard /
gauvin 1987 gauvin, joseph. les sens de nichil chez gilbert de la porrée gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 173-181 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
goubier & pouscoulous 2011 goubier, frédéric; pouscoulous, nausicaa. virtus sermonis and the semantics-pragmatics distinction vivarium 2011 (49), 214-239 esmls 18, bologna 2010 Late medieval theories of language and contemporary philosophy of language have been compared on numerous occasions. Here, we would like to compare two debates: that between the nature of Virtus sermonis, on the medieval side - focusing on a statute published in 1340 by the Faculty of Arts of the University of Paris and its opponents - and, on the contemporary side, the on-going discussion on the semantics-pragmatics distinction and how the truth-value of an utterance should be established. Both the statute and Gricean pragmatics insist on the importance of taking into account the speaker's intention and the context in establishing the signification of an utterance. Yet, upon closer examination, a more convincing parallel might be drawn between the statute's position and current theories in truth-conditional pragmatics. Focusing on a few aspects of the statute that seem to find a counterpart within contemporary pragmatics, we try to show how the issues they give rise to converge, but also diverge.
goubier 2004 goubier, frédéric. propositions modales et paradigmes logiques au XIIIe siècle medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 259-288 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
goubier, frédéric /
green-pedersen 1976 green-pedersen, niels jørgen. the summulae of john buridan, tractatus VI: de locis the logic of john buridan, 121-138 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
green-pedersen 1981 green-pedersen, niels jørgen. walter burley, de consequentiis and the origin of the theory of consequence english logic and semantics, 279-304 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
green-pedersen 1985 green-pedersen, niels jørgen. early british treatises on consequences the rise of british logic, 285-307 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
green-pedersen, niels jørgen / publications:
grellard 2007 grellard, christophe. scepticism, demonstration and the infinite regress argument (nicholas of autrecourt and john buridan) vivarium 2007 (45), 328-342 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 The aim of this paper is to examine the medieval posterity of the Aristotelian and Pyrrhonian treatments of the infinite regress argument. We show that there are some possible Pyrrhonian elements in Autrecourt's epistemology when he argues that the truth of our principles is merely hypothetical. By contrast, Buridan's criticisms of Autrecourt rely heavily on Aristotelian material. Both exemplify a use of scepticism.
grellard, christophe /
grondeux 2007 grondeux, anne. res meaning a thing thought: the influence of the ars donati vivarium 2007 (45), 189-202 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 During the fourth century C. E. Donatus borrowed from the Greek tradition the idea of replacing res corporalis with res in the definition of the noun, because of the usual equivalence between pragma and res. This change had important consequences, such as a new distinction between corpus and res, as well as a new meaning proposed for the word res. This new meaning happened to be questioned by later commentators, because masters of grammar seemed to reject the Donatian distinction between corpus and res, and consider that corpus is rather included inside res, before being later accepted by Sedulius and Remigius, perhaps under the influence of the common expression res verbi. However, the word remained poly-semic in spite of Donatus' attempt, as can be seen in the Glosulae in Priscianum (s. XII).
grondeux, anne /
guilfoy 2004 guilfoy, kevin. peter abelard's two theories of the proposition medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 035-58 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
guilfoy, kevin /
haas 1987 haas, max. die wissenschaftsklassifikation des gilbert von poitiers gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 279-295 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
haas, max /
henry 1976 henry, desmond. negative terms and buridan's syllogistic the logic of john buridan, 115-120 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
henry 1981 henry, desmond. suppositio and significatio in english logic english logic and semantics, 361-385 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
henry 1985 henry, desmond. some thirteenth century existential disputes: their identification and its status the rise of british logic, 215 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
henry, desmond paul /1921-2004 http://www.desmondhenry.com/
hubien 1981 hubien, hubert. buridan and lesniewski on the copula english logic and semantics, 415-425 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
hubien, hubert /†
iwakuma 1993 iwakuma, yukio. parvipontani's thesis ex impossibili quidlibet sequitur: comments on the sources of the thesis from the twelfth century argumentationstheorie, 123-151 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
iwakuma 1997 iwakuma, yukio. enuntiabilia in twelfth-century logic and theology semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 019-35 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
iwakuma 2003 iwakuma, yukio. william of champeaux and the introductiones aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 001-30 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
iwakuma 2003 iwakuma, yukio. william of champeaux on aristotle's categories la tradition médiévale des catégories, 313-328 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
iwakuma 2004 iwakuma, yukio. are argumentations propositions? medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 081-110 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
iwakuma, yukio /
jacobi 1981 jacobi, klaus. wilhelm von shyreswood und die dialectica monacensis english logic and semantics, 099-130 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
jacobi, klaus /
jolivet 1987 jolivet, jean. rhétorique et théologie dans une page de gilbert de poitiers gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 183-197 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
jolivet 1997 jolivet, jean. platonisme et sémantique, de bernard de chartres aux porrétains semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 009-17 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
jolivet, jean /1925
kann 1993 kann, christoph. zur behandlung der dialektischen örter bei albert von sachsen argumentationstheorie, 059-80 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
kann 2004 kann, christoph. assertive and non-assertive sentences. classifications of the oratio perfecta in the thirteenth century medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 245-257 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
kann, christoph /
karger 1981 karger, elizabeth. would ockham have shaved wyman's beard? english logic and semantics, 389-413 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
karger 1982 karger, elizabeth. la suppostion matérielle comme supposition significative: paul de venise, paul de pergula english logic in italy, 331-341 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
karger 1993 karger, elizabeth. a theory of immediate inferences contained in buridan's logic argumentationstheorie, 407-429 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
karger 2003 karger, elizabeth. john buridan's theory of the logical relations between general modal formulae aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 429-444 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
karger, elizabeth /
kaufmann 1993 kaufmann, matthias. nochmals: ockhams consequentiae und die materiale implikation argumentationstheorie, 223-232 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
kaufmann 2003 kaufmann, matthias. the discussion on the nature of the concept in ockham's perihermeneias commentary aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 119-133 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
kaufmann, matthias /
klima 1993 klima, gyula. 'debeo tibi equum': a reconstruction of the theoretical framework of buridan's treatment of the sophisma sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 333-347 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 In this paper my main aim is to sketch a formal reconstruction of the theoretical framework of Buridan's treatment of the famous sophisma. In this way I hope to show not only that Buridan's treatment is an organic part of his general semantics and philosophy of language and mind, but also that the theoretical framework of his treatment, namely his theory of appellation, can be given such a rigorous formulation as to make it a genuine rival to contemporary theories too. But in order to have a better understanding of Buridan's theory, we have first to take a closer look at what paved the way to it, namely Ockham's theory of connotation.
klima 1993 klima, gyula. socrates est species: logic, metaphysics and psychology in st. thomas aquinas' treatment of a paralogism argumentationstheorie, 491-506 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
klima 2004 klima, gyula. john buridan and the force-content distinction medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 414-427 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
klima, gyula /
kneepkens 1981 kneepkens, onno. robert blund and the theory of evocation english logic and semantics, 059-97 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
kneepkens 1982 kneepkens, onno. the mysterious buser again: william buser of heusden and the obligationes tract 'ob rogatum' english logic in italy, 147-166 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
kneepkens 1985 kneepkens, onno. roger bacon's theory of the double intellectus: a note on the development of the theory of congruitas and perfectio in the first half of the thirteenth century the rise of british logic, 115-143 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
kneepkens 1987 kneepkens, onno. suppositio and supponere in 12th-century grammar gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 325-351 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
kneepkens 1993 kneepkens, onno. orléans 266 and the sophismata collection: master joscelin of soissons and the infinite words in the early twelfth century sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 064-85 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 In this article, I intend to discuss the opinions on term negation (infinitatio) which are dealt with in an entry of a collection of early twelfth century logical sophisms and in texts to which these sophisms are closely related.
kneepkens 1993 kneepkens, onno. william buser of heusden's obligationes-treatise 'ob rogatum': a ressourcement in the doctrine of logical obligation? argumentationstheorie, 343-362 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
kneepkens 1997 kneepkens, onno. please don't call me peter: I'm enuntiabile, not a thing. a note on the enuntiabile and the proper noun semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 083-97 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
kneepkens 2000 kneepkens, onno. the absoluta cuiuslibet attributed to petrus hispanus: some notes on its transmission and the use made of it by robert kilwardby and roger bacon medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 373-403 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
kneepkens 2003 kneepkens, onno. aristotle's transposition and the twelfth-century commentaries on de interpretatione aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 363-411 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
kneepkens 2003 kneepkens, onno. clarembald of arras and the notionistae la tradition médiévale des catégories, 105-126 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
kneepkens 2004 kneepkens, onno. the via antiqua and the via moderna in grammar: the late medieval discussions on the subject of the sentence medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 219-244 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
kneepkens, corneille henri /1944
knuuttila 1987 knuuttila, simo. possibility and necessity in gilbert of poitiers gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 199-218 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
knuuttila 1993 knuuttila, simo. trinitarian sophisms in robert holcot's theology sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 348-356 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 In his Questions on Peter Lombard's Sentences, Robert Holcot discusses many arguments allegedly showing inconsistencies or contradictions in the articles of faith or in the received interpretations of them. Holcot thought that, in so far as the conclusions of these arguments are contrary to Catholic doctrine, they could be called sophisms. One must suppose, he said, that something was wrong either in their form or in their matter, independently of whether any philosophical disproof is available. (Sent. I, q. 1, a. 6, q 5.) Ever since the works of Konstanty Michalski, scholars have discussed the question whether Robert Holcot could be characterized as a representative of scepticism or not. Clearly, Holcot's theological approach does not have much in common with the Pyrrhonian scepticism of Sextus Empiricus, but one might try to see it as a fideistic version of the dogmatic scepticism, represented by the Academics, which started from the axiom that nothing can be known. Holcot's fideism assumes that the human intellect is so thoroughly corrupted in the original fall that it is unable to understand divine matters without grace. God causes faith in some people, but the articles of faith remain mysteries even to them. (Sent. I, q. 1, a 5.).
knuuttila 1993 knuuttila, simo. über praktische argumentation und logik des wollens im mittelalter argumentationstheorie, 607-619 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
knuuttila 1997 knuuttila, simo. positio impossibilis in medieval discussions of the trinity semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 277-288 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
knuuttila 2003 knuuttila, simo. locating emotions in the categories la tradition médiévale des catégories, 261-270 <?> 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
knuuttila 2003 knuuttila, simo. truth and falsity as modal notions: some medieval comments on de interpretatione aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 413-427 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
knuuttila 2004 knuuttila, simo. wodeham's cognitive theory of the passions medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 207-218 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
knuuttila 2013 knuuttila, simo. supposition and predication in medieval trinitarian logic medieval supposition theory revisited, 260-274 esmls 17, leiden 2008
knuuttila, simo /
lafleur 1993 lafleur, claude. logic in the barcelona compendium (with special reference to aristotle's topics and sophistici elenchi) argumentationstheorie, 081-98 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
lafleur, claude /
lambertini 1993 lambertini, roberto. the sophismata attributed to marsilius of padua sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 086-102 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 The fact of being the author of a masterpiece in political thought, such as the Defensor Pacis was enough to establish Marsilius as one of the most interesting political philosophers of the later Middle Ages. The heated discussions the Defensor Pacis provoked also had the effect, however, of putting other works of his in almost perennial shade. This is the case, for example, with other political treatises such as Defensor Minor which, in spite of its intrinsic relevance, survived in only one copy. The destiny of his activity in logic and metaphysics was no better. We are informed of his presence at the Parisian Art Faculty where he enjoyed the title of magister and was also rector in the first months of 1313. He came back to Paris after an Italian parenthesis (to be placed approximately between 1315 and 1319) during which he began his activity on behalf of the Italian Ghibellines. His Defensor Pacis was in fact finished in the French capital, on 24th June 1324; a few months later he left that city, together with one of the outstanding figures of the Parisian Arts Faculty, John of Jandun, to join the Emperor in his struggle against the Papacy.
lambertini, roberto /
lecq 1981 lecq, ria van der, ria. buridan on modal propositions english logic and semantics, 427-442 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
lecq 1982 lecq, ria van der. paul of venice on composite and divided sense english logic in italy, 321-330 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
lecq 1985 lecq, ria van der. william heytesbury on 'necessity' the rise of british logic, 249 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
lecq 1987 lecq, ria van der. the sententie secundum magistrum petrum gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 043-56 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
lecq 1993 lecq, ria van der. the role of language-levels in the medieval discussion on insolubilia argumentationstheorie, 277-292 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
lecq 2000 lecq, ria van der. domingo de soto on univerals and the ontology of intentions medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 309-325 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
lecq, ria van der / http://www.uu.nl/medewerkers/RvanderLecq/
lenz 2007 lenz, martin. are thoughts and sentences compositional? a controversy between abelard and a pupil of alberic on the reconciliation of ancient theses on mind and language vivarium 2007 (45), 169-188 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 This paper reconstructs a controversy between a pupil of Alberic of Paris and Peter Abelard which illustrates two competing ways of reconciling different ancient traditions. I shall argue that their accounts of the relation between sentences and thoughts are incompatible with one another, although they rely on the same set of sources. The key to understanding their different views on assertive and non-assertive sentences lies in their disparate views about the structure of thoughts: whereas Abelard takes thoughts to be compositional, the opponent's arguments seem to rely on the premise that the mental states which correspond to sentences cannot be compositional in the way that Abelard suggested. Although, at a first glance, Abelard's position appears to be more coherent, it turns out that his opponent convincingly argues against weaknesses in Abelard's semantic theory by proposing a pragmatic approach.
lenz, martin /
lewry 1981 lewry, osmund. the oxford condemnations of 1277 in grammar and logic english logic and semantics, 235-278 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
lewry 1982 lewry, osmund. robertus anglicus and the italian kilwardby english logic in italy, 033-51 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
lewry 1985 lewry, osmund. oxford logic 1250-1275: nicholas and peter of cornwall on past and future realities the rise of british logic, 019 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
lewry 1987 lewry, osmund. the liber sex principiorum, a supposedly porretanean work: a study in ascription gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 251-278 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
lewry, patrick osmund /1929-1987
libera & rosier 1997 libera, alain; rosier-catach, irene. l'analyse scotiste de la formule de la consécration eucharistique semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 171-201 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
libera 1981 libera, alain de. roger bacon et le problème de l'appellatio univoca english logic and semantics, 193-234 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
libera 1982 libera, alain de. apollinaire offredi critique de pierre de mantoue: le tractatus de instanti et la logique du changement english logic in italy, 253-291 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
libera 1985 libera, alain de. la littérature des abstractiones et la tradition logique d'oxford the rise of british logic, 063-114 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
libera 1987 libera, alain de. logique et théologie dans la summa 'quoniam homines' d'alain de lille gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 437-469 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
libera, alain de /1948
lohr 1993 lohr, charles. ramon lull's theory of scientific demonstration argumentationstheorie, 729-745 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
lohr, charles h. /1925-† /S.J. publications: my PDF
maierù 1976 maierù, alfonso. significatio et connotatio chez buridan the logic of john buridan, 101-114 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
maierù 1982 maierù, alfonso. le MS oxford, canonici misc. 219 et la logica de strode english logic in italy, 087-110 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
maierù 1993 maierù, alfonso. the sophism 'omnis propositio est vera vel falsa' by henry hopton (pseudo-heytesbury's de veritate et falsitate propositionis) sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 103-115 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 The 1494 Venetian edition of the works of William Heytesbury includes a text referred to as a sophism, but which is not part of the well-known collection of sophisms by this author published in the same volume. Curtis Wilson did not indicate any manuscript or other editions of this text. In 1966, I myself used this text attributing it to Heytesbury. However, the same year, M. Markowski made it known that MS 621 in the Biblioteka Jagiellonska in Kraków contained a copy of the text. But it attributes the work to another writer, so the problem of authorship presented itself. In 1982, this problem was explicitly formulated by L. M. De Rijk, who resolved it by attributing the work to Henry Hopton: at the same time, De Rijk pointed out that a further copy of the text existed in MS 1017 in the Biblioteca Angelica, Rome. We learn from A. B. Emden, that Henry Hopton was a fellow of University College, Oxford in 1357, of Queen's College between 1361 and 1367, Master of Arts, and by 1362, scholar of Theology.
maierù 2000 maierù, alfonso. antonio da scarperia's commentary on peter of spain's tractatus medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 137-156 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
maierù, alfonso /1939-2011 publications: gli scritti di alfonso maierù. medioevo e filosofia: per alfonso maierù. a cura di massimiliano lenzi, cesare musatti, luisa valente. 2013, 45-54 978-8867280384 my PDF
marenbon 2004 marenbon, john. dicta, assertion and speech acts: abelard and some modern interpreters medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 059-80 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
marenbon, john /
markowski 1976 markowski, miecislaus. johannes buridans kommentare zu aristoteles' organon it mitteleuropas bibliotheken the logic of john buridan, 009-20 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
markowski 1982 markowski, miecislaus. die anschauungen des walter burleigh über die universalien english logic in italy, 219-229 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
markowski 1993 markowski, miecislaus. dialektische und rhetorische argumentation an der krakauer universität im 15. jahrhundert argumentationstheorie, 577-587 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
markowski 1993 markowski, miecislaus. die rolle der sophismata im unterricht der krakauer universität im 15. Jahrhundert sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 116-127 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 Die im 15. Jahrhundert an der Krakauer Universität unterrichtete Logik sollte, ähnlich wie an anderen mittelalterlichen Hochschulen, die Rolle eines Instruments wissenschaftlichen Denkens spielen. Sie wurde betrachtet als Einführung nicht nur zum Studium der Philosophie und der freien Künste, sondern auch als solche zur Medizin, zur Rechtswissenschaft und zur Theologie. Aus diesem Grunde wurde die Logik schon am Anfang des Universitätsstudiums unterrichtet. Die 1404-1406 verfaßten Statuten regelten gesetzlich, wie lange und wann der Unterricht in den einzelnen logischen Disziplinen erteilt werden sollte. Bis auf die Topica wurden das ganze Organon des Aristoteles, die Summulae logicales des Petrus Hispanus und andere mittelalterliche Traktate über semantische Grundbegrriffe im unteren Kurs erläutert, d.h. bevor der Student den Bakkalaureusgrad erworben hatte. An der Krakauer Universität sollte damals der Kandidat c. 18 Monate lang die Vorlesungen über Logik hören. Keiner anderen Disziplin so viel Zeit wurde auf dieser Unterrichtsstufe der Philosophie im Rahmen der freien Künste gewidmet. Man könnte sogar sagen, daß der untere Kurs als "Logikschule" gedacht war. Den erwähnten Statuten gemäß sollte auch Aristoteles' De sophisticis elenchis innerhalb von 14 Wochen erläutert werden. In der Regel geschah dies mit Hilfe der bereits vorhandenen mittelalterlichen Kommentare zu diesem Werk. In der Handschriftensammlung der Bibliothek der Krakauer Universität ist sogar ein Exemplar des handschriftlichen Kommentars Johannes Buridans zu De sophisticis elenchis erhalten geblieben. Bekannt war auch sein Compendium totius logicae. Von den logischen Schriften seiner Pariser Schüler seien auch die Sophismata des Albert von Sachsen und der in mehreren Handschriften überlieferte Kommentar des Marsilius von Inghen zu De sophisticis elenchis genannt.
markowski 2003 markowski, miecislaus. der kommentar des peter wysz von polen zu de interpretatione des aristoteles aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 135-147 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
markowski, miecislaus /1929-† publications:
marmo 1997 marmo, costantino. inferential signs and simon of tournai's general theory of signification semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 061-81 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
marmo 2003 marmo, costantino. types of opposition in the post-predicamenta in thirteenth-century commentaries la tradition médiévale des catégories, 085-104 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
marmo 2004 marmo, costantino. una semantica del verbo nella grammatica e nella teologia tra XII e XIII secolo medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 185-206 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
marmo 2013 marmo, costantino. scotus on supposition medieval supposition theory revisited, 231-259 esmls 17, leiden 2008
marmo, costantino /
martin 1978 martin, chris. embarrassing arguments and surprising conclusions in the development of theories of the conditional in the 12th century gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 377-400 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
martin 1993 martin, chris. obligations and liars sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 357-381 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 The best efforts of some of the best historians of logic have failed to find a clear source in material inherited from the ancient world for the earliest mediaeval discussions of the Liar paradox. The obvious candidates, and most importantly Aristotle's reference to the puzzles of oath-breakers and liars in the Sophistical Refutations, seem to have been of little importance in the first theorising about insolubilia. Despite this I would like to suggest that there was at least a very distant cause in late antique logic for the appearance of the Liar and its relatives in the twelfth century. It cannot be emphasized enough, however, that twelfth century logicians devised the paradoxes for themselves and that their solutions were all their own work.
martin 1993 martin, chris. rules for demonstration and rules for answering questions in aquinas argumentationstheorie, 621-635 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
martin 1997 martin, chris. impossible positio as the foundation of metaphysics or: logic on the scotist plan? semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 255-276 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
martin 2000 martin, chris. logics for distinctions: peter of navarre and the scotistic treatment of impossible hypotheses medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 439-463 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
martin 2003 martin, chris. an amputee is bipedal: the categories and the development of abaelard's theory of possibility la tradition médiévale des catégories, 225-242 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
martin 2004 martin, chris. propositionality and logic in the ars meliduna medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 111-128 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
martin 2007 martin, chris. denying conditionals: abaelard and the failure of boethius' account of the hypothetical syllogism vivarium 2007 (45), 153-168 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 Boethius' treatise De Hypotheticis Syllogismis provided twelfth-century philosophers with an introduction to the logic of conditional and disjunctive sentences but this work is the only part of the logica vetus which is no longer studied in the twelfth century. In this paper I investigate why interest in Boethius acount of hypothetical syllogisms fell off so quickly. I argue that Boethius' account of compound sentences is not an account of propositions and once a proper notion of propositionality is available the argument forms accepted by Boethius are seen to be incoherent. It was Peter Abaelard who first understood the nature of propositionality and propositional connectives and used this to criticise Boethius' claims in De Hypothetics Syllogismis. In place Boethius' confusion Abaelard offered a simple and correct account of the hypothetical syllogism.
martin 2011 martin, chris. 'what an ugly child': abaelard on translation, figurative language and logic vivarium 2011 (49), 026-49 esmls 18, bologna 2010 An examination the development of Peter Abaelard's views on translation and figurative meaning. Mediaeval philosophers curiously do not connect the theory of translation implied by Aristotelian semantics with the multiplicity of tongues consequent upon the fall of Babel and do not seem to have much to offer to help in solving the problems of scriptural interpretation noted by Augustine. Indeed, on the Aristotelian account of meaning such problems do not arise. This paper shows that Abaelard is like others in this respect in not in general finding translation problematic. Two particular cases, oppositio in adiecto and accidental predication, however, present problems for him and the paper examines and tries to explain the differences between the account given in the Dialectica and that given in the Logica 'Ingredientibus'.
martin, christopher j. / http://rrp.stanford.edu/chris.shtml
mcmahon 2000 mcmahon, william. the categories in some post-medieval spanish philosophers medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 355-370 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
mcmahon 2003 mcmahon, william. some non-standard views and their definition in ockham's nominalism la tradition médiévale des catégories, 053-68 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
mcmahon, william /
meier-oeser 2013 meier-oeser, stephan. the hermeneutical rehabilitation of supposition theory in seventeenth-century protestant logic medieval supposition theory revisited, 464-481 esmls 17, leiden 2008
meier-oeser, stephan / https://www.uni-muenster.de/Leibniz/meieroeser/biblio_meieroeser.html
mews 1987 mews, constant. aspects of the evolution of peter abaelard's thought on signification and predication gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 015-41 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
mora-márquez 2011 mora-márquez, ana maría. pragmatics in peter john olivi's account of signification of common names vivarium 2011 (49), 150-164 esmls 18, bologna 2010 The aim of this paper is to present a reconstruction of Olivi's account of signification of common names and to highlight certain intrusion of pragmatics into this account. The paper deals with the question of how certain facts, other than original imposition, may be relevant to determine the semantical content of an utterance, and not with the question of how we perform actions by means of utterances. The intrusion of pragmatics into Olivi's semantics we intend to point out may seem minimal today, but was of a certain importance at his time. Even if the conventional codes still play a role in his explanation of how words acquire a semantical content, both the intention of the speaker and the communication context in which this intention is being effectuated are essential features of the actual signification of names.
mora-márquez, ana maría /
mugnai 1982 mugnai, massimo. la expositio reduplicativarum chez walter burleigh et paulus venetus english logic in italy, 305-320 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
mugnai, massimo /
murè 2013 murè, dafne. suppositum between logic and metaphysics: simon of faversham and his contemporaries (1270-1290) medieval supposition theory revisited, 205-229 esmls 17, leiden 2008
murè, dafne /
nielsen 1997 nielsen, lauge. signification, likeness and causality. the sacraments as signs by divine imposition in john duns scotus, durand of st. pourcain and peter auriol semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 223-253 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
nielsen, lauge olaf /
omelyantchyk 2003 omelyantchyk, valentin. la question d'alexandre dans les commentaires médiévaux sur les catégories la tradition médiévale des catégories, 001-22 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
omelyantchyk, valentin /
panaccio 1993 panaccio, claude. solving the insolubles: hints from ockham and burley sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 398-410 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 In his approach to the insolubilia as elsewhere in his semantics, Ockham firmly sticks to the Bivalence Principle: each apparently paradoxical sentence is "solved" by him by being given one and only one of the two traditional truth-values. The Liar’s 'What I am now saying is false' (uttered by a speaker who says nothing else) is reckoned to be false, while 'What I am now saying is not true' is in the same circumstances considered true. The well-known contradictions which threaten are avoided by the use of a restriction rule which applies to such semantical terms as 'true' or 'false' and prohibits them - at least in some contexts - from suppositing in a sentence s for s itself.
panaccio 1997 panaccio, claude. angel's talk, mental language and the transparency of the mind semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 323-335 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
panaccio 2003 panaccio, claude. connotative concepts and their definition in ockham's nominalism la tradition médiévale des catégories, 141-156 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
panaccio 2003 panaccio, claude. debates on mental language in the early fourteenth century aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 085-101 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
panaccio 2007 panaccio, claude. mental language and tradition encounters in medieval philosophy: anselm, albert and ockham vivarium 2007 (45), 269-282 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 Medieval philosophy is often presented as the outcome of a large scale encounter between the Christian tradition and the Greek philosophical one. This picture, however, inappropriately tends to leave out the active role played by the medieval authors themselves and their institutional contexts. The theme of the mental language provides us with an interesting case study in such matters. The paper first introduces a few technical notions - 'theme', 'tradition', 'textual chain' and 'textual borrowing' - and then focuses on precise passages about mental language from Anselm of Canterbury, Albert the Great and William of Ockham. All three authors in effect identify some relevant Augustinian idea (that of 'mental word', most saliently) with some traditional philosophical one (such as that of 'concept' or that of 'logos endiathetos'). But the gist of the operation widely varies along the line and the tradition encounter is staged in each case with specific goals and interests in view. The use of ancient authoritative texts with respect to mental language is thus shown to be radically transformed from the eleventh to the fourteenth century.
panaccio 2013 panaccio, claude. ockham and buridan on simple supposition medieval supposition theory revisited, 371-384 esmls 17, leiden 2008
panaccio, claude /
parsons 2013 parsons, terry. the expressive power of medieval logic medieval supposition theory revisited, 511-521 esmls 17, leiden 2008
parsons, terry /
pérez-ilzarbe 2000 pérez-ilzarbe, paloma. time and propositions in jerónimo pardo medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 251-273 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
pérez-ilzarbe 2004 pérez-ilzarbe, paloma. 'complexio, enuntiatio, assensus': the role of propositions in knowledge according to john buridan medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 401-414 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
pérez-ilzarbe 2011 pérez-ilzarbe, paloma. disputation and logic in the medieval treatises de modo opponendi et respondendi vivarium 2011 (49), 127-149 esmls 18, bologna 2010 In 1980 L. M. de Rijk edited some texts connected with medieval disputation (Die mittelaterlichen Traktate De modo opponendi et respondendi), towards which he showed a strikingly contemptuous attitude. The reason for his contempt was that the treatises did not fit the obligationes and sophismata tradition. In this article I focus on the original version, the Thesaurus Philosophorum, to highlight the distinction of this family of treatises with respect to the "modern" tradition. First, I study the features of the disputation that can be recognised through the collection of fallacious arguments contained in the Thesaurus. Second, I briefly examine the contents of the treatise and their arrangement, showing that they are closely related to the kind of disputation in question. I hope to support the idea that neither the technique of disputation nor the contents and their arrangement deserve a straightforward rejection.
pérez-ilzarbe, paloma / http://www.unav.es/filosofia/pilzarbe1/
perger 2003 perger, mischa von. understanding the categories by division: walter of burley vs. william of ockham la tradition médiévale des catégories, 037-52 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
perini-santos 2004 perini-santos, ernesto. la structure de la proposition modale ockhamienne medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 355-376 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
perini-santos 2011 perini-santos, ernesto. john buridan's theory of truth and the paradox of the liar vivarium 2011 (49), 184-213 esmls 18, bologna 2010 The solution John Buridan offers for the Paradox of the Liar has not been correctly placed within the framework of his philosophy of language. More precisely, there are two important points of the Buridanian philosophy of language that are crucial to the correct understanding of his solution to the Liar paradox that are either misrepresented or ignored in some important accounts of his theory. The first point is that the Aristotelian formula, 'propositio est vera quia qualitercumque significat in rebus significatis ita est', once amended, is a correct way to talk about the truth of a sentence. The second one is that he has a double indexing theory of truth: a sentence is true in a time about a time, and such times should be distinguished in the account of the truth-conditions of sentences. These two claims are connected in an important way: the Aristotelian formula indicates the time about which a sentence is true. Some interpreters of the Buridanian solution to the paradox, following the lead of Herzberger, have missed these points and have been led to postulate truth-values gaps, or surrogates of truth-value gaps, when there is nothing of this sort in his theory. I argue against this tradition of interpretation of Buridan and propose an interpretation of his solution to the Liar.
perini-santos 2013 perini-santos, ernesto. when the inference 'p is true, therefore p' fails: john buridan on the evaluation of propositions medieval supposition theory revisited, 411-424 esmls 17, leiden 2008
perini-santos, ernesto /
perler 1997 perler, dominik. crathorn on mental language semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 337-354 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
perler, dominik /
perreiah 2003 perreiah, alan. orality and literacy in the de interpretatione tradition aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 051-66 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
perreiah, alan / https://philosophy.as.uky.edu/users/pera
pinborg 1976 pinborg, jan. the summulae, tractatus I: de introductionibus the logic of john buridan, 071-90 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
pinborg 1981 pinborg, jan, walter burley on exclusives english logic and semantics, 305-329 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
pinborg, jan beck /1937-1982 publications: my PDF
pini 2003 pini, giorgio. scotus on deducing aristotle's categories la tradition médiévale des catégories, 023-36 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
pini 2004 pini, giorgio. scotus on assertion and the copula: a comparison with aquinas medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 307-332 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
pini, giorgio /
pironet 1993 pironet, fabienne. john buridan on the liar paradox: study of an opinion and chronology of the texts argumentationstheorie, 293-300 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
pironet 1993 pironet, fabienne. the sophismata asinina of william heytesbury sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 128-143 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 In his well-known book on Heytesbury, Wilson says that the attribution of the Sophismata asinina to him is uncertain. However, several criteria allow me to claim that the work was actually written by Heytesbury himself.
pironet 2003 pironet, fabienne. siger de brabant et les catégories: la signification des termes accidentels la tradition médiévale des catégories, 157-172 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
pironet, fabienne /
pouscoulous, nausicaa /
read 1985 read, stephen. 'I promise a penny that I do not promise': the realist/nominalist debate over intensional propositions in fourteenth-century british logic and its contemporary relevance the rise of british logic, 335-359 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
read 1993 read, stephen. formal and material consequence, disjunctive syllogism and gamma argumentationstheorie, 233-259 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
read, stephen /
rijen 1993 rijen, jeroen van. some medieval analyses of the logic of 'qua' argumentationstheorie, 465-482 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
rijen, jeroen van /
rijk 1976 rijk, bertus de. on buridan's doctrine of connotation the logic of john buridan, 091-100 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
rijk 1981 rijk, bertus de. abailard's semantic views in the light of later developments english logic and semantics, 001-58 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
rijk 1982 rijk, bertus de. semantics in richard billingham and johannes venator english logic in italy, 167-183 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
rijk 1987 rijk, bertus de. gilbert de poitiers, ses vues sémantiques et métaphysiques gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 147-171 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
rijk 1993 rijk, bertus de. der streit über das medium demonstrationis: die frucht eines mißverständnisses? argumentationstheorie, 451-463 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
rijk 1997 rijk, bertus de. guiralt ot (giraldus odonis) OFM (1273-1349): his view of statemental being in his commentary on the sentences semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 355-369 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
rijk 2000 rijk, bertus de. logica morelli. some notes on the spanish semantics of a fifteenth century spanish logic medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 210-224 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
rijk 2003 rijk, bertus de. the logic of indefinite names in boethius, abelard, duns scotus, and radulphus brito aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 207-233 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
rijk 2013 rijk, bertus de. semantics and ontology. an assessment of medieval terminism medieval supposition theory revisited, 011-59 esmls 17, leiden 2008
rijk, lambertus marie de /1924-2012 publications: the winged chariot: collected essays on plato and platonism, 15-26 http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertus_de_Rijk 90-04-11480-7
roncaglia 2003 roncaglia, gino. mesino de codronchi's discussion on syncategoremata and mental language in his quaestiones on de interpretatione aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 149-163 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
roncaglia, gino /1960
rosier 1987 rosier, irène. les acceptions du terme substantia chez pierre hélie gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 299-324 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
rosier 1993 rosier, irène. la distinction entre actus exercitus et actus significatus dans les sophismes grammaticaux du MS bn. lat. 16618 et autres textes apparentés sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 231-261 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 Le manuscrit BN lat. 16618 comporte, des folios 40r à 114ra, un recueil de sophismes grammaticaux, inachevé et anonyme, que l'on désignera, d’après son incipit: Sicut dicit Remigius. Il est précédé par une collection de sophismes logiques, qui a été décrite par Alain de Libera. Nous n'avons trouvé aucune mention nous permettant d'assigner aux sophismes grammaticaux une date ou un auteur. Une allusion au roi de France peut faire penser qu’il s’agit d’un texte parisien (56va), et l'usage fréquent des articles le et del en plus du li communément utilisé par les philosophes, semble indiquer un auteur dont la langue maternelle est le français. Les ouvrages cités, d'une richesse et d’une diversité remarquable, attestent d’un milieu universitaire, mais ne procurent aucune information quant à sa date de composition.
rosier 2003 rosier, irène. variations médiévales sur l'opposition entre signification 'ad placitum' et signification naturelle aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 165-205 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
rosier 2004 rosier, irène. les discussions sur le signifié des propositions chez abélard et ses contemporains medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 001-34 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
rosier 2007 rosier, irène. priscian on divine ideas and mental conceptions: the discussions in the glosulae in priscianum, the notae dunelmenses, william of champeaux and abelard vivarium 2007 (45), 219-237 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 Priscian's Institutiones Grammaticae, which rely on Stoic and Neoplatonic sources, constituted an important, although quite neglected, link in the chain of transmission of ancient philosophy in the Middle Ages. There is, in particular, a passage where Priscian discusses the vexed claim that common names can be proper names of the universal species and where he talks about the ideas existing in the divine mind. At the beginning of the 12th century, the anonymous Glosulae super Priscianum and the Notae Dunelmenses, which heavily quote William of Champeaux (as master G.), interpret the passage in the context of a growing interest in the problem of universals, raising semantic as well as ontological questions, and introducing a Platonic view on universals in the discussions on the signification of the noun. Moreover, this same passage will be used by Abelard to elaborate one of his opinions about the signification of universal or common names - that they signify "mental conceptions".
rosier, irene /
schupp 1993 schupp, franz. zur textrekonstruktion der formalen und materialen folgerung in der kritischen ockham-ausgabe argumentationstheorie, 213-221 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
schupp, franz /
schweiss 1987 schweiss, kurt. logik und theologie im dialogus ratii et everardi gilbert de poitiers et ses contemporains, 219-228 88-7088-173-3 esmls 07, poitiers 1985
sinkler 1985 sinkler, georgette. roger bacon on the compounded and divided senses the rise of british logic, 145-172 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
sinkler, georgette /
sirridge 1993 sirridge, mary. interest mea et imperatoris castam ducere in uxorem: can 'est' be used impersonally? sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 262-274 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 There is an obvious syntactic similarity between such sentences as: It is daytime (est dies). It is between black and white (est inter album et nigrum). It rueth me (paenitet me). There is running by me (curritur a me). And there seems to be a similarity of meaning as well, for in each case there is an absence of a specific subject to whom the action of the sentence is ascribed. But in fact, both (3) and (4) have impersonal verbs and can be rewritten so as to make it clear that the real subject of the sentence is some action or state.
sirridge 1997 sirridge, mary. the wailing of orphans, the cooing of doves and the groans of the sick: the influence of augustine's theory of language on some theories of interjection semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 099-116 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
sirridge 2007 sirridge, mary. 'utrum idem sint dicere et intelligere sive videre in mente': robert kilwardby, quaestiones in librum primum sententiarum vivarium 2007 (45), 253-268 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 In his Questions I, qq. 35-36 Sent. Robert Kilwardby asks whether divine understanding (intelligere) is the same as the divine speaking (dicere), as Anselm says in Monologion, ch. 63, just as for us mental speaking (mentis locutio) is the same as the thinker's examination (inspectio cogitantis) or mental seeing (videre in mente). His answer is that neither for us nor for God is the equation correct, because understanding lacks an essential characteristic of speech, i.e. referentiality, and because speaking is active and understanding passive, which is reflected in the meanings (impositiones) and grammatical functions (modi significandi) of the corresponding expressions. Kilwardby does concede in his discussion of the speech of angels in II Sent. q. 56 that when inner speech does occur, and remains internal, it amounts to thought, though with the additional element of referentiality. I suggest that Kilwardby is unwilling accept Augustine's theory that thought is inner speech, as Anselm does, because it would require him to reject Aristotelian-style philosophical psychology.
sirridge 2013 sirridge, mary. supposition and the fallacy of figure of speech in the abstractiones medieval supposition theory revisited, 145-168 esmls 17, leiden 2008
sirridge, mary /
spruyt 1993 spruyt, joke. thirteenth century positions on the rule ex impossibili sequitur quidlibet argumentationstheorie, 161-193 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
spruyt 2000 spruyt, joke. some remarks on semantic topics in two spanish 'tractatus de consequentiis' medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 183-207 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
spruyt 2003 spruyt, joke. the semantic of complex expressions in john duns scotus, peter abelard and john buridan aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 274-303 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
spruyt 2003 spruyt, joke. twelfth-century gloses on categories la tradition médiévale des catégories, 329-346 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
spruyt 2011 spruyt, joke. henry of ghent on teaching theology vivarium 2011 (49), 165-183 esmls 18, bologna 2010 This paper aims to explain Henry of Ghent's views on what kind of language is appropriate in theology, and why. It concentrates on a number of questions of the Summa quaestionum ordinariarum, which are devoted to his take on how theologians should explain their discipline to students, and to the meaningfulness in general of theological language. The paper delves into the technical terms sensus and insinuare, and compares Henry’s account with H.P. Grice's views on (speaker-)meaning and his notion of 'conversational implicatures', thus showing that Henry emphasises the performative features of linguistic use.
spruyt, joke /
streveler 1993 streveler, paul. a comparative analysis of the treatment of sophisms in MSS digby 2 and royal 12 of the magister abstractionum sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 144-184 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 Of the six known manuscripts of the Abstractiones of Magister Ricardus Sophista (Oxford, Bodleian Library, Digby 24; Bruges, Bibliothèque de la Ville, 497; Paris, BN 14069; Oxford, Corpus Christi 293B; Oxford, Bodleian Library, Digby 2; and British Museum, Royal F XIX 12), only Digby 24 and Bruges 497 appear to be complete, each containing an "explicit" identifying the author as a certain Ricardus Sophista. Of the four fragmentary manuscripts, Corpus Christi 293 is the longest with some eight folios (207ra-215vb); Paris with only seven (26ra-33ra). By contrast, Digby 24 runs to almost thirty folios (61ra-90rb) and Bruges to some twenty-one (74ra-95va). MSS Royal 12 and Digby 2 are even more fragmentary; the former comprising only four folios (112va-115rb), the latter less than six (123r-140v). Not only are these latter two manuscripts very brief, but also the language used in treating sophisms appears to be quite different, not only when compared to the more lengthy manuscripts, but also when compared to each other. In this paper I want to compare the treatment of sophisms in these two fragmentary manuscripts with a view toward comparing them to the other four manuscripts, which are presently in a preliminary edition. (I shall refer to the four edited manuscripts as the Text.) The editors of the Abstractiones decided not to incorporate Royal 12 and Digby 2 into the edition primarily because of the apparent serious differences in these two MSS. They have decided to simply transcribe these two fragmentary MSS in an appendix to the edition. Part of the purpose of this study is to ascertain whether Royal 12 and Digby 2 ought to be incorporated into the edition of all the MSS of the Abstractiones.
streveler, paul /
strobino 2011 strobino, riccardo. contexts of utterance and evaluation in peter of mantua's obligationes vivarium 2011 (49), 275-299 esmls 18, bologna 2010 In this paper I will examine the relation between the theory of obligations and its use in sophismatic contexts through the lens of certain pragmatic concerns. In order to do this, I will take a sophism discussed by Peter of Mantua in his treatise on obligations as a case-study. I will first provide a brief outline of the structure of the treatise and then examine a concrete case that shows how the relationship between background assumptions (casus and context of utterance) and criteria of response seems to suggest a way to qualify the application of general rules (especially for irrelevant sentences) in certain limit-cases. By discussing Peter's presentation of the sophism, I will also argue for a connection between Peter of Mantua's text and Mesino de Codronchi's Questiones on the De Interpretatione.
strobino, riccardo / http://www.riccardostrobino.com/
strub 2003 strub, christian. propositio una/multiplex in abelard: a note on the relationship of dialectic and grammar aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 257-273 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
strub, christian
tabarroni 1993 tabarroni, andrea. omnis phoenix est: quantification and existence in a new sophismata-collection (MS clm 14522) sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 185-201 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 It is well known that between (approximately) 1250 and 1275 important innovations took place in the Parisian Faculty of Arts. The introduction of the Aristotelian libri naturales in the syllabus of 1255 marks the end of a period when the masters' interest focused mainly on the disciplines of the trivium. The flow of exegetical works resulting from courses on logic and grammar now began to be matched by a comparable quantity of commentaries devoted to natural and moral philosophy. Moreover, Averroes' interpretation of Aristotle was more carefully investigated and assimilated. The free attitude of the Arabic thinker towards speculation was assumed as a model by some masters, a trend eventually leading to a clash with ecclesiastical authority concerning the limits of orthodox philosophical teaching.
tabarroni 2003 tabarroni, andrea. the 10th thesis in logic condemned at oxford in 1277 aristotle's peri hermeneias in the latin middle ages, 339-361 978-90-70419-42-4 esmls 10, leiden 1992
tabarroni 2003 tabarroni, andrea. utrum deus sit in praedicamenta: ontological simplicity and categorical inclusion la tradition médiévale des catégories, 271-288 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
tabarroni 2004 tabarroni, andrea. 'plures interrogationes': a fallacy in question? medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 289-306 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
tabarroni, andrea /
tachau 1982 tachau, katherine. the response to ockham's and aureol's epistemology (1320-1340) english logic in italy, 185-217 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
tachau 1993 tachau, katherine. what senses and intellect do: argument and judgment in late medieval theories of knowledge argumentationstheorie, 653-668 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
tachau, katherine /
thijssen 1997 thijssen, hans. the crisis over ockhamist hermeneutic and its semantic background: the methodological significance of the censure of december 29, 1340. 371-392 semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 371-392 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
thijssen, johannes /1957
uckelman 2013 uckelman, sara. a quantified temporal logic for ampliation and restriction medieval supposition theory revisited, 483-510 esmls 17, leiden 2008
uckelman, sara /
valente 1997 valente, luisa. iustus et misericors: l'usage théologique des notions de consignificatio et connotatio dans la seconde moitié du XIIe siècle semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 037-59 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
valente 2003 valente, luisa. talia sunt subiecta qualia predicata permittunt: le principe de l'approche contextuelle la tradition médiévale des catégories, 289-312 90-429-1335-5 esmls 13, avignon 2000
valente 2004 valente, luisa. virtus significationis, violentia usus: porretan views on theological hermeneutics medieval theories on assertive and non-assertive language, 163-184 88-222-5377-9 esmls 14, rome 2002
valente 2007 valente, luisa. names that can be said of everything: porphyrian tradition and 'transcendental' terms in twelfth-century logic vivarium 2007 (45), 298-310 esmls 15, cambridge 2004 In an article published in 2003, Klaus Jacobi - using texts partially edited in De Rijk's Logica Modernorum - demonstrated that twelfth-century logic contains a tradition of reflecting about some of the transcendental names (nomina transcendentia). In addition to reinforcing Jacobi's thesis with other texts, this contribution aims to demonstrate two points: 1) That twelfth-century logical reflection about transcendental terms has its origin in the logica vetus, and especially in a passage from Porphyry Isagoge and in Boethius's commentary on it. In spite of the loss of the major part of the Aristotelian corpus, the twelfth-century masters in logic still received some Aristotelian theses concerning the notions of one and being via Porphyry and Boethius; on the basis of such theses, they were able to elaborate a sort of proto-theory of the transcendentals as trans-categorical terms. 2) That this theory is centred on the idea that there exists a particular group of names which have the property that they can be said of everything; this group includes "being", "one", "thing" and "something" (ens, unum, res, aliquid). Twelfth-century masters in logic try to question the (originally Aristotelian) thesis that these terms are equivocal, although they do not deny it completely.
valente 2011 valente, luisa. praedicaturi supponimus. is gilbert of poitiers' approach to the problem of linguistic reference a pragmatic one? vivarium 2011 (49), 050-74 esmls 18, bologna 2010 The article investigates how the problem of (linguistic) reference is treated in Gilbert of Poitiers' Commentaries on Boethius' Opuscula sacra. In this text the terms supponere, suppositus,-a,-um, and suppositio mainly concern the act of a speaker (or of the author of a written text) that consists of referring - by choosing a name as subject term in a proposition - to one or more subsistent things as what the speech act (or the written text) is about. Supposition is for Gilbert an action performed by a speaker, not a property of terms, and his 'contextual approach' has a pragmatic touch: "we do not predicate in order to supposit as much as we supposit in order to predicate". Language is considered by Gilbert as a system for communication between human beings, key notions are the 'sense in the author's mind' (sensus mentis eius qui loquitur) and the 'interpreter's understanding' (intelligentia lectoris). The phenomenon of 'disciplinal' discourse ("man is a species of individuals") is treated by means of these hermeneutic notions and not by means of a special kind of supposition.
valente 2013 valente, luisa. supposition theory and porretan theology: summa zwettlensis and dialogus ratii et everardi medieval supposition theory revisited, 117-144 esmls 17, leiden 2008
valente, luisa /
vecchio 1997 vecchio, silvana. mensonge, simulation, dissimulation. primauté de l'intention et ambiguïté du langage dans la théologie morale du bas moyen age semiotics and logic in medieval theological texts, 117-132 978-2-503-50563-3 esmls 11, san marino 1994
vecchio, silvana /
vescovini 1976 vescovini, graziella. a propos de la diffusion des oeuvres de jean buridan en italie du XIVe au XVIe siècle the logic of john buridan, 021-45 esmls 03, copenhagen 1975
vescovini 1981 vescovini, graziella. a la recherche du mystérieux buser english logic and semantics, 443-457 978-90-70419-02-8 esmls 04, leiden, nijmegen 1979
vescovini 1982 vescovini, graziella. il commento di angelo di fossombrone al 'de tribus praedicamentis' di guglielmo heytesbury english logic in italy, 359-374 88-7088-057-5 esmls 05, rome 1980
vescovini 1985 vescovini, graziella. l'influence des 'regulae solvendi sophismata' de guillaume heytesbury: l'expositio de tribus praedicamentis de magister messinus the rise of british logic, 361-379 978-0-88844-807-1 esmls 06, oxford 1983
vescovini, graziella federici /1933
weidemann 1993 weidemann, hermann. modalität und konsequenz. zur logischen struktur eines theologischen arguments in peter abaelards dialectica argumentationstheorie, 695-705 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
weidemann, hermann /
würsch 1993 würsch, renate. die lehre vom enthymem in der rhetorik des aristoteles und ihre weiterentwicklung bei avicenna und averroes argumentationstheorie, 589-606 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
würsch, renate /
yrjönsuuri 1993 yrjönsuuri, mikko. expositio as a method of solving sophisms sophisms in medieval logic and grammar, 202-216 978-94-011-1767-8 esmls 09, st andrews 1990 Saying anything general about sophisms is difficult for at least two reasons. First, texts classifiable into the genre of sophisms are so diverse that there seems to be almost nothing common to all of them. Secondly, modern discussion of these texts is still somewhat scattered. The texts simply are not yet known well enough for finding unifying perspectives.
yrjönsuuri 1993 yrjönsuuri, mikko. the role of casus in some fourteenth century treatises on sophismata and obligationes argumentationstheorie, 301-321 90-04-09822-4 esmls 08, freiburg am breisgau 1988
yrjönsuuri 2000 yrjönsuuri, mikko. words and things in peter of spain's syncategoreumata medieval and renaissance logic in spain, 003-19 3-487-11135-7 esmls 12, pamplona 1997
yrjönsuuri, mikko /
the first symposium consisted of three people (miecislaus markowski, jan pinborg, lambert marie de rijk) in a cafe in warsaw in 1973 esmls 01, warsaw 1973
the papers appeared in various journals esmls 02, leiden, nijmegen, utrecht
the theory of fallacies and its use from boethius to paul of venice the acts will never appear esmls 16, udine 2006